Gum disease means an infection of the gums, bone and other areas that support the teeth.
Inflammation of the gums is called Gingivitis, and when the disease involves the bone as well, it is called periodontitis. (also known as pyorrhea). With this form of the disease, irreversible damage may occur to your gums and other areas of support for your teeth.
Gum disease may affect any age group but is more likely to occur in adults.
Nearly 70% of the people are affected by this disease at some point in their life. Though such a prevalent disease most people are unaware of the issue and the problems it can cause.
The more times you check “yes”, the more likely it is that you need professional treatment.
PLAQUE is the major cause of gum disease (gingivitis and periodontitis).
Food particles remaining behind on teeth is called as materia alba. If the materia alba stays longer on teeth, it gets converted into plaque, a sticky, colourless film of bacteria that builds up on the teeth, particularly at the necks of teeth where they meet the gums which irritates the gums and causes gingivitis.
Plaque that remains on and between teeth may eventually.
thicken, harden and calcify to become calculus (or tartar, as it is often called).
Calculus has a rough surface and attracts more plaque.
OTHER FACTORS CAUSING GUM DISEASE
AT Trudentz Multispeciality Dental Centre, Chandivali, Powai, we offer the following solutions for management and prevention of gum diseases:
In later stages of the disease, depending on the severity, any of the following procedures may be indicated.
This procedure removes an overgrowth of gum tissue taking the gum level back to its original position.
An incision is made and “flap” is lifted. The gums are gently separated from the tooth, creating an access to the infected pocket. Deep deposits of plaque and tartar are then removed. The gum is then replaced on the tooth near the original gum line.
This method is used to regenerate the bone. Fragments of synthetic bone, donated bone or your own bone is used to replace the bone destroyed due to gum disease. At Trudentz Full Mouth Cleaning Centre, Chandivali, Powai, we use the best bone grafts for bone regeneration.
This method is used if the gums are receded. Gums are taken from the roof of the mouth and is stitched to the area of gum recession.
In addition to regular Scaling (Cleaning), follow these simple oral hygiene protocols:
Bleeding gums, red and swollen gums are indicative of gum disease.
Yes it is treatable and preventable. Gingivitis is reversible, but periodontitis is irreversible.
Certainly not. You should visit a dentist to get it cured. You may be advised deep cleaning and certain medications for the same.