Dental Scaling and Polishing

Dental Scaling and Polishing (Teeth Cleaning)

Gum disease means an infection of the gums, bone and other areas that support the teeth.

Inflammation of the gums is called Gingivitis, and when the disease involves the bone as well, it is called periodontitis. (also known as pyorrhea). With this form of the disease, irreversible damage may occur to your gums and other areas of support for your teeth.

Gum disease may affect any age group but is more likely to occur in adults.

Nearly 70% of the people are affected by this disease at some point in their life. Though such a prevalent disease most people are unaware of the issue and the problems it can cause.

How do I know if I have GUM DISEASE?

The more times you check “yes”, the more likely it is that you need professional treatment.

  • Do you have swollen or puffy gums?
  • Are your gums reddish?
  • Do you experience bleeding while brushing?
  • Do you have bad breath or Halitosis?
  • Are your teeth mobile?
  • Do you have gums that have pulled back from your teeth?
  • Do you experience severe sensitivity?
  • Have you noticed an increasing gap between your teeth?


PLAQUE is the major cause of gum disease (gingivitis and periodontitis).

Food particles remaining behind on teeth is called as materia alba. If the materia alba stays longer on teeth, it gets converted into plaque, a sticky, colourless film of bacteria that builds up on the teeth, particularly at the necks of teeth where they meet the gums which irritates the gums and causes gingivitis.

Plaque that remains on and between teeth may eventually.

thicken, harden and calcify to become calculus (or tartar, as it is often called).

Calculus has a rough surface and attracts more plaque.


  • Diabetes or autoimmune disorders
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco chewing
  • Aging & Stress
  • Hormonal fluctuations & Pregnancy
  • Irregular or crowded teeth can cause food lodgement, and calculus formation
  • Severe protrusion of teeth causes mouth breathing, leading to Gingivitis
  • Inadequate nutrition
  • Certain medications use (e.g. For high BP, Epilepsy, etc.)

What is the treatment of gum Disease?

AT Trudentz Multispeciality Dental Centre, Chandivali, Powai, we offer the following solutions for management and prevention of gum diseases:

  1. Deep Cleaning: This is done in the very initial stage of developing Gum Disease. We remove the plaque or tartar (which hardens the tooth surface) using the best Ultrasonic Scalers, from below and above the gum line. Because of the Advanced instruments at Trudentz, there is no discomfort during the Full mouth Cleaning Procedure. It is a preventive measure which helps you to save from getting gum disease.It is recommended for everyone once in 6 months.
  2. Scaling and Root Planing: This is also a deep cleaning process. The only difference is that we may have to administer local anesthesia to start the process. Plaque and tartar are removed from and, the rough spots are made smooth. The process of smoothing and root planing helps to remove the bacteria.
  3. Surgical options for Gum disease elimination

In later stages of the disease, depending on the severity, any of the following procedures may be indicated.


This procedure removes an overgrowth of gum tissue taking the gum level back to its original position.


An incision is made and “flap” is lifted. The gums are gently separated from the tooth, creating an access to the infected pocket. Deep deposits of plaque and tartar are then removed. The gum is then replaced on the tooth near the original gum line.

C. Bone Graft

This method is used to regenerate the bone. Fragments of synthetic bone, donated bone or your own bone is used to replace the bone destroyed due to gum disease. At Trudentz Full Mouth Cleaning Centre, Chandivali, Powai, we use the best bone grafts for bone regeneration.

D. Soft Tissue Graft

This method is used if the gums are receded. Gums are taken from the roof of the mouth and is stitched to the area of gum recession.

Prevention for Gum Disease

In addition to regular Scaling (Cleaning), follow these simple oral hygiene protocols:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day. Use a fluoridated toothpaste
  • Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Use of a water Flosser is also advised.
  • Rinse your mouth thoroughly after each meal using a mouthwash
  • Replace your brush every 3 to 4 months.
  • Visit your dentist after every 6 months for a routine check-up and professional cleaning.
  • Quit smoking


Q.1. What Is The First Sign Of Gum Disease?

Bleeding gums, red and swollen gums are indicative of gum disease.

Q.2. Is Gum Disease Treatable?

Yes it is treatable and preventable. Gingivitis is reversible, but periodontitis is irreversible.

Q.3. Can Gum Disease Be Treated On Its Own?

Certainly not. You should visit a dentist to get it cured. You may be advised deep cleaning and certain medications for the same.

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